Style is the way the poet uses language in order to express his/her ideas. It
makes the poem more vivid and deliver the poet's points more clearly.
In a poem, the following literary devices are usually used:
(a) imagery - It is a
vivid description rich in sensory words to create an image in the reader's
mind. The poet's words will give us an idea or image which can appeal to our
five senses, which are sight, sound, touch, smell and taste. Through the use
of imagery we are taken to another place, time and experience. Imagery also
allows us to understand the emotions that are conveyed and also their
(b) metaphor - This is a figurative comparison which does not use the words
"like" or "as" between two things. Instead it describes
one thing as being another. For example, "The River's a
(c) simile - It is a figurative comparison which uses the words
"like" or "as" to join two ideas. For example, "as
cold as ice".
(d) personification - This is a technique of giving human qualities or
traits to an object, animal or a concept. For example, "the river roared
down the mountain".
(e) sound device - This is divided
i. rhythm which can be defined as the flow of stressed and unstressed
syllables to create oral patterns. This is the 'beat' or pattern of sound in
the poem. In order to achieve this rhythm, the English poets have
traditionally counted three things: the number of syllables in a line, the
number of stressed or accented syllables, and finally the number of
individual units of both stressed and unstressed syllables.
ii. rhyme which is a regular recurrence of corresponding sounds, usually
at the end of a line. Words with the same ending sounds are placed at the end of lines or at certain fixed points of the
poem. Rhyme makes the poem sound lyrical or musical.
(f) alliteration - This is the repetition of the same consonant sound at the
beginning of words that are close together.
(g) assonance - The repetition of similar vowel sounds, especially in stressed
syllables, is called assonance.
(h) onomatopoeia - These are the words containing sounds which are similar
to the noise they make.
(i) symbolism - It is an object or thing that represents something
(j) repetition - This is used to stress an idea or concept. By repeating
certain words, the idea is emphasised in the reader's mind.