A zoology student is investigating whether it is true that the gender of turtles depends on the temperature at which the turtle eggs are kept before they hatch. He will test if turtle eggs incubated at 29–30 degrees Celsius produce females, and eggs at 24–26 degrees Celsius produce males. What is the independent variable?



The temperature is the independent variable. The independent variable is the variable that the researcher can control. And the dependent variable will change because of the change of independent variable. In this question, the student controls the temperature(independent variable) to see wether the gender(dependent variable) will change due to the temperature.