Problems caused by floodsRetaining wallsIn some places, retaining walls levees, lakes, dams, reservoirs or retention ponds have been constructed to hold extra water during times of flooding.
problems caused by floodsTown planningIt is important that builders acquire permission before buildings are erected. This will ensure that that waterways are not blocked. Also drainage systems must be covered and kept free from objects that chock them. This way, water can quickly run through if it rains and minimize any chance of town flooding. Drainage systems should also be covered to prevent litter from getting into them.
problems caused by floodsVegetationTrees, shrubs and grass help protect the land from erosion by moving water. People in low-lying areas must be encouraged to use a lot of vegetation to help break the power of moving flood water and also help reduce erosion.
problems caused by floodsEducationIn many developing countries, drainage systems are chocked with litter and people have little knowledge of the effects that can have during a rain. When it rains, waterways and culverts are blocked by massive chunks of litter and debris, and water finds its way into the streets and into peoples homes. Education is therefore very important, to inform and caution people on the dangers of floods, what causes floods, and what can be done to minimise its impact.
problems caused by floodsDetention basinThese are small reservoirs built and connected to waterways. They provide a temporary storage for floodwaters. This means in an event of flooding, water is drained into the basin first, giving people more time to evacuate. It can also reduce the magnitude of downstream flooding.