Industry nameTotal R&D-intensity (1999, in %)ISIC Rev. 3Biotechnology and Pharmaceuticals10.462423Aircraft & spacecraft10.29353Medical, precision & optical instruments9.6933Radio, television & communication equipment7.4832Office, accounting & computing machinery7.2130Electrical machinery & apparatus3.6031Motor vehicles, trailers & semi-trailers3.5134Railroad & transport equipment3.11352+359Chemical & chemical products2.8524 (excl. 2423)Machinery & equipment
High technology, often abbreviated to high tech (adjective forms high-technology, high-tech or hi-tech) is technology that is at the cutting edge: the most advanced technology available.
Products currently considered high tech are often those that incorporate advanced computer electronics. However, there is no specific class of technology that is high tech—the definition shifts and evolves over time—so products hyped as high-tech in the past may now be considered to have everyday or dated technology.
The opposite of high tech is low technology, referring to simple, often traditional or mechanical, technology; for example, a calculator is a low-tech calculating device.
The sector approach classifies industries according their technology intensity, product approach according to finished products.AerospaceAutomotiveArtificial IntelligenceBiotechnologyComputer EngineeringComputer ScienceInformation TechnologyNanotechnologyNuclear PhysicsPhotonicsRoboticsSemiconductorsTelecommunications