⇒Conflict or struggle between modern and traditional lifestyle
⇒The story demonstrates the cultural circumstances and dilemmas about identity which people face in Southeast Asia specifically in Singapore.
⇒Traditional values VS modern behaviour
>The story mainly focuses on distinction between traditional values and practices and modern behaviour
>Ah Ma represents tradition where she practises the traditional cultural norms and beliefs of the chinese community
>Mr. Li and Ying on the other hand, represent the modern society.They do not place importance on such practices as is illustrated when Mr Li awkwardly tries to remember how to pray at the altar after putting up the photograph of his mother